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ERNST WILHELM NAY
Biography

1902
Born in Berlin on 11 June

1915
Starts at the boarding school of Schulpforta in Thuringia Shows early interest in modern art, makes first attempts at painting

1921
Receives high school diploma in Schulpforta and returns to Berlin
Begins apprenticeship at the bookstore Gsellius in Berlin and paints in his leisure time

1924
Introduces himself with three paintings to Carl Hofer at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste, Berlin

1927
Becomes a student of Hofer's master class; receives his own studio at the academy
First museum acquisition of a painting ('Landschaft Promenade' Provinzial-Museum, Hanover)

1928
Ends his studies at the Hochschule, travels to Paris

1931
Receives the Staatspreis from Preuÿische Akademie der Künste, followed by a nine-month scholarship at the Deutsche Akademie in Villa Massimo, Rome (October 1931-June 1932)

1932
Meets with the art dealer Günther Franke in Munich, who begins to promote Nay's art
Marries Helene 'Elly'Kirchner in Berlin

1933
Nay's painting 'Liebespaar'is scorned as a 'Masterpiece of Ugliness'in an article against Modern Art by the National Socialists published in the 'Völkische Beobachter'

1934
Travels to the Baltic Sea. Meets Erich Meyer, Alfred Hentzen, Werner Haftmann and Ernst Gosebruch, the director of the Folkwang-Museums in Essen who was removed from his office in 1933 by the National Socialists

1937
Ten works of public ownership are confiscated during the National Socialists' 'Entartete Kunst'(Degenerate Art) operation. The works 'Fischerboote an der Hafenmole'and 'Fischerdorf Teju auf Bornholm'are exhibited in the exhibition 'Entartete Kunst'in Munich
C. G. Heise asks his friend Edvard Munch to financially support the stay of Nay in Norway. Munch agrees and Nay goes to Norway in the summer, visits Munch in Skojen near Oslo and then travels for several months to the Lofoten Islands, where he stays in Svolvaer, Stamsund, Eggum and Reine and creates watercolors. After his return, the 'Lofoten Paintings'are created in his Berlin studio

1938
Second trip to the Lofoten Islands

1940
Serves in the military as an infantryman, first in the South of France, then in Brittany. While off duty, Nay works on small watercolors and drawings

1942
Nay is transferred to Le Mans to work as a cartographer
Creates his first gouaches

1943
Visits Kandinsky on a business trip to Paris
Visits Ernst Jünger in Le Mans in May
Nay's studio in Berlin is destroyed by bombs

1945
In May, Nay is released by the US army. With his apartment in Berlin is destroyed, he moves to Hofheim/Taunus, where he finds a studio with the help of Hanna Bekker vom Rath. The so-called 'Hecate Paintings'are created

1949
Begins work on the 'Fugal Paintings'

1951
Moves to Cologne

1952
Begins work on the 'Rhythmic Paintings'

1954
Works on large-scale watercolors during his stay in Løkken, North Denmark
Begins work on the 'Disc Paintings'

1955
Receives Lichtwark-award of the Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg
Publishes the manifesto 'Vom Gestaltwert der Farbe'

1956
Receives the Grand Award for painting of North Rhine-Westphalia
Creates a large mural for the Chemical Institute of the University of Freiburg

1957
Prints a series of color aquatints at Georges Visat in Paris

1958
First trip to New York

1959
Travels to the island Mykonos, where he creates watercolors

1960
Receives the Guggenheim Award, German Section
During the summer he creates watercolors on the island Ischia

1962
Travels to New York, Washington D.C., Boston
During the summer he travels again to Ischia

1963
Starts to work on the 'Eye Paintings'
Travels to New York, Chicago, San Francisco, Los Angeles and Mexico

1964
During the summer he creates watercolors on the island Mykonos

1965
During the winter of 1964/65 he develops the characteristic style of his 'Late Paintings'
During the summer he creates watercolors on Crete

1967
During the summer he works on watercolors in Italy and Bavaria
Receives the order to create a ceramic mural for the casino of the Center for Nuclear Research in Karlsruhe

1968
In early April, Nay creates his last painting 'Weiÿ-Schwarz-Gelb'in three variations

E.W. Nay dies in Cologne on April 18, 1968

SELECTED EXHIBITIONS

1947
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay ' Bilder, Gouachen, Zeichnungen' Galerie Dr. Werner Rusche, Cologne
'E. W. Nay' Galerie Franz, Berlin

1948
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay - Bilder des Jahres 1947' Galerie Dr. Werner Rusche, Cologne

1950
'E. W. Nay' (Retrospective), Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover

1952
'E. W. Nay' (Retrospective), Haus am Waldsee, Berlin

1954
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay - Bilder, Gouachen, Aquarelle und Zeichnungen von 1927-1954' Galerie Der Spiegel, Cologne

1955
'Nay - Gemälde, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen 1951-1955' Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay' Kleemann Galleries, New York

1957
'E. W. Nay' Galerie Der Spiegel, Cologne

1958
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay' Kleemann Galleries, New York
'E. W. Nay ' Peintures, Aquarelles, Gravures au sucre 1938-1958' Galerie Les Contemporains, Brussels
'E. W. Nay' Galerie Günther Franke, Munich

1959
'E. W. Nay' (Retrospective), Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, Düsseldorf
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay' Kleemann Galleries, New York

1960
'Willi Baumeister - Ernst Wilhelm Nay' Kunsthalle Basel, Basel
'E. W. Nay ' Gemälde, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen von 1932 bis heute' Frankfurter Kunstkabinett Hanna Bekker vom Rath, Frankfurt
'E. W. Nay' New London Gallery, London

1961
'E. W. Nay - Bilder, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen' Galerie Der Spiegel, Cologne

1962
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay' Knoedler Gallery, New York
'E. W. Nay ' 60 Jahre' (Retrospective), Museum Folkwang, Essen

1964
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay' Knoedler Gallery, New York
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay' Knoedler Gallery, Paris
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay' Westfälischer Kunstverein, Münster
'E. W. Nay ' Aquarelle von 1963 und 1964' Galerie Günther Franke im Arco Palais, Munich

1965
'E. W. Nay' Galerie Günther Franke, Munich

1966
'E. W. Nay ' Bilder und Grau-Aquarelle 1965/66' Galerie Der Spiegel, Cologne
'E. W. Nay' (Retrospektive), Württembergischer Kunstverein, Stuttgart, (Other venues (1967): Berlin, Akademie der Künste; Mannheim, Städtische Kunsthalle)

1967
'E. W. Nay' (Retrospektive), Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts, Vienna
'Nay' Galerie Günther Franke, Munich
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay' Galerie im Erker, St. Gallen

1968
'E. W. Nay' (Commemoration), Galerie Günther Franke, Munich
'Nay ' Last Paintings' Knoedler Gallery, New York

1969
'E. W. Nay' (Retrospektive), Wallraf-Richartz-Museum, Köln (additional venues : Nationalgalerie, Berlin; Städelsches Kunstinstitut, Frankfurt a. M.; Kunstverein in Hamburg, Hamburg)

1970
'E. W. Nay ' Bilder aus den Jahren 1935-1968' (Retrospective), Museum Städtische Kunstsammlungen, Bonn
'Nay' Galerie Günther Franke, Munich
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay ' ÿlbilder, Gouachen' Frankfurter Kunstkabinett Hanna Bekker vom Rath, Frankfurt

1972
'Nay' Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne (additional venue: Kunsthalle, Bremen, 1973)

1973
'50 Jahre Galerie Günther Franke, Nay - Bilder, Aquarelle, Gouachen, Zeichnungen, Graphik aus der Sammlung und Galerie Günther Franke' Galerie Günther Franke, Munich

1976
'Nay ' Un Maestro del Color - Obras die 1950 a 1968' Museo de Arte Moderno, Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes, Mexico City
'E. W. Nay ' Das kleine Format, Zeichnungen aus Le Mans 1942-44 und Hofheim 1945-51' Galerie Meyer-Ellinger, Frankfurt
'Nay ' Zeichnungen'(Retrospective), Jahrhunderthalle Höchst, Höchst (additional venue (1977): Neue Galerie, Kassel; Kunsthalle, Tübingen; Galerie Der Spiegel, Cologne; Schloÿ Detmold, Lippische Gesellschaft für Kunst, Detmold)

1977
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay - Aquarelle und Gouachen'(Retrospektive), Staatliche Graphische Sammlung, München (additional venue (1978): Staatliche Kunsthalle, Karlsruhe)

1979
'E. W. Nay ' Arbeiten auf Papier: Skizzen, Aquarelle 1949-1967' Galerie Meyer-Ellinger, Frankfurt

1980
'E. W. Nay ' Bilder und Dokumente'(Retrospective), Germanisches Nationalmuseum, Nürnberg (additional venues: Haus der Kunst, München; Bayer AG, Erholungshaus, Leverkusen; as well as (1981): Wilhelm-Hack-Museum, Ludwigshafen a. Rh.; Neue Galerie, Kassel)

1981
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay' Galerie Orangerie-Reinz, Cologne
'E. W. Nay ' Zeichnungen'(Retrospective), Städtisches Museum Schloÿ Morsbroich, Leverkusen

1985
'Bilder kommen aus Bildern ' E. W. Nay 1902-68, Gemälde und unveröffentlichte Schriften aus vier Jahrzehnten' Museum Haus Lange, Krefeld (additional venues : Westfälischer Kunstverein, Münster; Kunstverein in Hamburg)

1987
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay - ÿlgemälde, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen' Galerie Sander, Darmstadt

1990
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay - Lofotenbilder. Ausstellung zu Ehren von Carl Georg Heise (1890-1979)' Overbeck-Gesellschaft, Lübeck

1990/91
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay Retrospektive' Museum Ludwig in der Josef-Haubrich-Kunsthalle, Cologne (additional venue (1991): Kunsthalle, Basel; Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh)

1991
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay - Paintings and Works on Paper' Fischer Fine Art, London

1994
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay - Die Hofheimer Jahre 1945-1951' Städtische Galerie im Städel, Frankfurt (additional venue: Museum der bildenden Künste, Leipzig)

1995
'Nay - Uhlmann, Antes ' Stöhrer' Galerie Orangerie-Reinz, Cologne

1998 'Ernst Wilhelm Nay' Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam (additional venues: Gemäldegalerie Neue Meister, Dresden; Wilhelm-Lehmbruck-Museum, Duisburg)
'Zwei Freunde: E. W. Nay und Hans Uhlmann ' Bilder und Skulpturen' Berlin, Brusberg Galerie

1998/99
'E. W. Nay' Galerie Orangerie-Reinz, Cologne

2000
'E. W. Nay ' Aquarelle, Gouachen, Zeichnungen' Kunsthalle in Emden, Saarland Museum, Saarbrücken
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay - Die Druckgraphik' Kunstverein Göttingen,Kulturamt der Stadt Göttingen, Göttingen (additional venue (2001): Städtisches Kunstmuseum Spendhaus Reutlingen)

2002
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay ' Bilder und Originalmanuskripte' Galerie Aurel Scheibler, Cologne
'E. W. Nay ' Späte Bilder' Galerie Sander, Berlin
'E. W. Nay ' Werke auf Papier' Galerie Fred Jahn, Munich
'Nay - Variationen, Retrospektive zum 100. Geburtstag' Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, Munich (additional venue (2002/03): Kunstmuseum, Bonn)

2004
'E. W. Nay - Aquarelle und Gouachen 1937-68' Graphische Sammlung, Pinakothek der Moderne (additional venues: Folkwang Museum, Essen; Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain, Strasbourg)

2007
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay. Early Drawings ' Late Paintings' Galerie Karsten Schubert, London

2008
'New Acquisitions ' E. W. Nay: Weiÿe Quelle, 1963' Tate Modern, London

2009
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay 1902'1968' Schirn Kunsthalle, Frankfurt (additional venue: Haus am Waldsee, Berlin)

2010
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay ' Scheibenbilder' Galerie Thomas Modern, Munich
'Nay ' Papierarbeiten' Galerie Fred Jahn, Munich

2012
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay: Arbeiten auf Papier' Michael Werner Kunsthandel, Cologne
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay' Michael Werner and Mary Boone Galleries, New York
'Ernst Wilhelm Nay: Das Polyphone Bild. Gouachen, Aquarelle, Zeichnungen' Kunstmuseum Bonn, Bonn

2015
'Auswahl. Gemälde - Skulptur - Zeichnung', Galerie Michael Werner, Märkisch Wilmersdorf

2016

'Flora, Fauna and Other Forms of Life', Michael Werner Gallery, London