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MARCEL BROODTHAERS
Biography

1924
Born January 28 in Brussels, Belgium

1945
First known publication of poems

1947
Cosigns the Belgian Surrealist manifesto 'Pas de quartiers dans la revolution'
Works in Brussels as a freelance writer and dealer of antiquarian books

1957
Publication of his first poetry collection 'Mon livre d'Ogre'and his first film 'La Clef de l'Horloge, un poème cinématographique (en l'honneur de Kurt Scwitters)'

1962
Moves to Paris and works as a freelance journalist

1963
Returns to Brussels

1964
Creates first objects using mussels, eggshells, coal and bricks
Authors additional publications and expands his artistic work using media such as film, photography, audiotapes and slides

1967
Completes film 'Le Corbeau et le Renard (d'après La Fontaine)'

1968
Begins a series of editions in vacuum-formed plastic

1969
Founds the 'Musée d'Art Moderne, Département des Aigles'in his home on rue de la Pépinière, Brussels. Presents several sections of the 'Musée d'Art Moderne, Département des Aigles'as a discussion of the term 'museum' and its function

1970
Moves to Düsseldorf

1972
Terminates the 'Musée d'Art Moderne, Département des Aigles'upon completion of its last section (a contribution to Documenta 5 in Kassel)

1973
Moves to London

1974-75
Stays in Berlin in the context of DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service). A series of six solo exhibitions open between September 1974 and October 1975 where Broodthaers further specifies the concept of his artwork.

1976
Dies on January 28 in Cologne

SELECTED EXHIBITIONS

1964
Galerie Saint-Laurent, Brussels
Galerie Smith, Brussels
Parc du Mont des Arts, Brussels

1967
Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels

1968
Wide White Space Gallery, Antwerp
Galerie Rudolf Zwirner, Cologne

1970
Exposition littéraire et musicale autour de Mallarmé, Galerie Michael Werner, Cologne

1973
Galerie Françoise Lambert, Milan

1974
Petersburg Press, London
Palais des Beaux-Arts und Cinéma d'Arensburg, Brussels
Kunstmuseum Basel

1975
Nationalgalerie Berlin
Museum of Modern Art, Oxford
Städtische Kunsthalle Düsseldorf
Centre National d'Art Contemporain, Hôtel Rothschild, Paris

1977
The Tate Gallery, London

1978
Marian Goodman Gallery, New York

1979
Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst, Ghent
Kunstverein Hamburg

1980
Wallraf-Richartz-Museum / Museum Ludwig, Cologne

1981
Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam
Musée Royaux des Beaux-Arts de Belgique, Brussels

1982
Kunsthalle Bern

1985
Marcel Broodthaers: Fotografische Bildnisse, Neue Galerie der Stadt Linz / Wolfgang-Gurlitt-Museum, Linz
Oesterreichisches Fotoarchiv, Museum Moderner Kunst, Vienna Kulturhaus der Stadt Graz

1987
Florizoone Fine Art, Nieuwpoort
Le Cadre Gallery, Hong Kong
Marcel Broodthaers in Zuid-Limburg - Fotos 1961 ' 1970, Bonnefantenmuseum, Maastricht

1988
Galerie Watari, Tokyo

1989
Marcel Broodthaers - Le Cadran S(c)olaire. ÿdition des Amateurs, Berlin 1974, DAAD Galerie, Berlin
Marcel Broodthaers, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis; Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles; Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh; Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels

1992
Marcel Broodthaers, Kunstraum Muenchen, Munich
Marcel Broodthaers. Slide projections, Stedelijk van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven
Marcel Broodthaers. Complete Prints and Multiples, Institute of Contemporary Arts, London

1993
Marcel Broodthaers - Diawerken: 'Projection' (1971), 'Images d'Epinal' (1974) , Stedelijk van Abbemuseum, Eindhoven

1997
Marcel Broodthaers. Cinéma, Fundació Antoni Tàpies, Barcelona; Kunsthalle Düsseldorf; Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea, Santiago de Compostelan; Nationalgalerie im Hamburger Bahnhof, Berlin
Marcel Broodthaers: En lisant la Lorelei, Musée d'Art Moderne et Contemporain, Geneva

1999
Marcel Broodthaers. Das Gesamtwerk der Graphik und Bücher, Galerie Michael Werner, Cologne

2001
Marcel Broodthaers, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Brussels

2003
Marcel Broodthaers, Die Photographische Sammlung / SK Stiftung Kultur, Cologne
Marcel Broodthaers, Kunsthalle Wien, Vienna

2007
Décor ' A Conquest by Marcel Broodthaers, Michael Werner at Galerie de France, Paris; Michael Werner Gallery, New York; Arts Club of Chicago

2008
Marcel Broodthaers, Milton Keynes Gallery, Buckinghamshire
Series Drawings, Galerie Michael Werner, Cologne; Michael Werner Gallery, New York

2009
Ombres, New Galerie de France, Paris
Matthew Brannon, Marcel Broodthaers, James Lee Byars, William E. Jones, David Kordansky Gallery, Los Angeles

2010
Marcel Broodthaers: Major Works, Michael Werner Gallery, New York
Marcel Broodthaers: Section Cinéma, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York
Marcel Broodthaers''Col.lecció d'obra gráfica i llibres, Galeria Kewenig, Palma de Mallorca

2011
In Praise of Doubt, Punta della Dogana, Venice
Heinz und Marianne Ebers-Stiftung. Eine Sammlung von Format, Museum Haus Lange, Krefeld
Asche und Gold ' Eine Weltenreise, MARTa Herford; Schloss Moyland, Bedburg-Hau

2012
Bateau Tableau, Campoli Presti, London
Spirits of Internationalism: 6 European Collection, 1956-1986, Museum van Hedendaagse Kunst, Antwerp
Marcel Broodthaers, MAMbo ' Museo d'Arte Moderna di Bologna
Utopie GESAMTKUNSTWERK, 21er Haus, Vienna
CIRCUS WOLS: Eine Hommage, Weserburg: Museum für moderne Kunst, Bremen
Animismus, Haus der Kulturen der Welt, Berlin
Kewenig Galerie at Salon du Dessin, Palais de la Bourse, Paris
Auf Papier, Kewenig Galerie, Cologne
Manifesta 9 ' The European Biennial of Contemporary Art, Waterschei mine, Genk, Limburg
Alice im Wunderland der Kunst, Hamburger Kunsthalle, Hamburg
The Michael Werner Collection: I sat Beauty on my knees. (...) And I reviled Her., Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Paris
Marcel Broodthaers: Cinéma modèle, Kunstmuseum Winterthur, Winterthur

2013
Neunzehnhundertsiebzig. Material, Orte, Denkprozesse, Kunstmuseum Luzern, Luzern
Cloud Illusions I Recall, Irish Museum of Modern Art
Siege, Fire and Reconstruction of San Sebastian, San Telmo Museoa, San Sebastian
Blackboard – Art from Teaching / Learning from Art, Artipelag Konsthall, Gustavsberg
Décor: A Conquest and Bricks 1966-1975, Michael Werner Gallery, London

2014
Musée à vendre pour cause de faillité. Herbert Foundation und mumok im Dialog, Museum Moderner Kunst Stiftung Ludwig
Le Corbeau et le Renard. Aufstand der Sprache mit Marcel Broodthaers. Museum für Gegenwartskunst, Basel
Kunst-Geschichten, Museum der Moderne, Salzburg
Décor, Aspen Art Museum, Aspen

2015
Marcel Broodthaers, Monnaie de Paris, Paris
Belle Haleine – The Scent of Art, Museum Tinguely, Basel
KUNST FÜR ALLE; Multiples, Prints, Actions of the Staeck Collection, Akademie der Kuenste, Berlin
Marcel Broodthaers, Fridericianum Museum, Kassel

2016
Marcel Broodthaers: Écriture, Michael Werner Gallery, New York
Marcel Broodthaers, Paul Kasmin Gallery, New York
Marcel Broodthaers: A Retrospective, Museum of Modern Art, New York; Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid; Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Dusseldorf
Question the Wall Itself, Walker Art Center, Minneapolis

2017
Marcel Broodthaers: A Retrospective, Kunstsammlung Nordrhein-Westfalen, Düsseldorf
Landschaften, Galerie Michael Werner, Märkisch  Wilmersdorf
Un Jardin d’Hiver, Hauser & Wirth, London
Magritte, Broodthaers and Contemporary Art, Royal Museum of Fine Arts Belgium, Brussels
The Inaugural Exhibition, 1977: Marcel Broodthaers and James Lee Byars, Marian Goodman Gallery, New York